This region used to be characterized by its vibrant youth but it seems as if times are changing
In the past, Latin America and the Caribbean were known as youthful regions with high birth and fertility rates. Today, the statistics say otherwise; adults are now overpowering the population.
Since this is a matter of importance when the development of Latin America is taken into consideration, the countries now ought to think about implementing public policies that adequately respond to the new demographical structure, stated Paulo Saad, director of the Latin American and Caribbean Demographic Center (CELADE).
The rates previously mentioned – birth and fertility data- have decreased over the years. According to CELADE, in approximately 2040, the percentage of people over the age of 60 will surpass those under 15 for the first time in the region’s history.
According to the United Nations and the Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, until the 1970’s, the fertility and birth rates averaged 6 kids per woman while taking into consideration life’s expectancy which was considerably lower than what it is now. However, 25 years later, the data showed a preference for less offspring; women bore 3 children. Nowadays, the average is 2.1 kids per household.
LatinAmerican post | Daniel Posada
Copy edited by Susana Cicchetto