World Meteorological Day

Upon the World Meteorological Day (WMD) on March 23 the Statement on the Status of the Global Climate in 2015 was released, demonstrating 2015 made history with shattering temperatures, intense heatwaves, exceptional rainfall, devastating droughts and unusual tropical cyclone activity.

The report done by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO)  shows last year was the warmest year on record by far with 0.76 °C above the 1961-1990 average and 1°C above the 1850-1900 average. This comes as a result of long term-rise in global temperatures mostly due to human activities impact in green house gases' emissions and a powerful El Niño.

In South America temperatures were above normal. The highest recorded where in northern Chile, south-eastern Brazil and the Caribbean coasts of Venezuela and Colombia. Argentina suffered from a colder spring and the coldest October on record, even though overall the country had 2015 as the second warmest year on record.

Droughts were also experienced on the continent. Chile suffered from he driest January in over 50 years. A severe impact on agriculture, raising cattle and hydropower generation in the last quarter of the year affected Colombia and Venezuela due to the persistent dry conditions.

Heavy rain in February and March lead to floods that affected the region, especially Argentina and Chile. More so, in Paraguay, Argentina and southern Brazil extreme rainfall affected about 180,000 people and more than 80,000 were displaced.

The report was released before the WMD to incentivize an immediate measures to tackle the situation. Petteri Taalas Secretary-General of WMO told reporters in Geneva “Many people now think that the problem is solved since we reached a nice agreement in Paris last year… but the negative side is that we haven't changed our behaviors”.

The high-temperature trend continues in 2016 with NASA reporting this February as the hottest ever recorded. David Carlson, Director of the World Climate Research Programme stated “The startlingly high temperatures so far in 2016 have sent shockwaves around the climate science community”, but it is yet too soon to tell if 2016 will extend to a record-breaking streak.

LatinAmerican Post |

We use cookies to improve our website. By continuing to use this website, you are giving consent to cookies being used. More details…