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International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women

It also seeks to claim and demand from the States policies that protect, care and are in favor of women. This date was born in Latin America, precisely in the Dominican Republic (1981), as a claim and commemoration of the murder of the Mirabal sisters. Thus, during the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 1999, resolution 54/134, the violence against women and date were recalled as an essential issue to be addressed yearly on an international date.

The Woman Post | Danniela Cardona Aguilar

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According to the United Nations, 1 in 3 women is affected by gender-based violence; every 11 minutes, a woman, or girl is killed by a family member. These figures are alarming considering the current scenario where thousands of women have been murdered for raising their voices and demanding guarantees of a dignified life. According to the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women -UN Women-, 65% of women reported suffering from gender-based violence at least once. Likewise, domestic violence has increased radically since the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020: 1 out of every 2 women has experienced some violence since the beginning of the pandemic.

On the other hand, it is also essential to highlight the significance of the arrest and death of Mahsa Amini, in September this year, for breaking a law of Islam in a public setting. According to Human Rights Watch, these arrests are constantly carried out by Iran's orientation patrols, violating Iranian women's integrity. Because of this, hundreds of women whom the government of Ebrahim Raisi had repressed went out in mass protest, removing their veils and burning them in bonfires; more than 50 people died as a result. This case left countless criticisms, complaints, and questions to the Iranian government about the laws that do not protect the victims of gender-based violence, discrimination, and oppression.

This event is linked to the commemoration of November 25, reminding us that the struggle to eliminate violence against women is global and advocates for all women worldwide. The United Nations encourages participating and participating in the campaign "16 days of activism", which counts the multiple on-site and virtual initiatives carried out in different contexts of the world to promote this date. Taking into account that this year there will be a focus on digital activism and the importance of social networks and communication channels, among others, to combat misinformation and publicize the rights of women and feminist movements.

Finally, it is essential to remember that eradicating violence against women must be something we work for as a society every day. Also, it is our duty as a society to constantly demand that governments create security, justice, and reparation policies for women, girls, and adolescents exposed to machismo, misogyny and latent patriarchy. Emphasizing that not only physical aggression is one of the forms of violence they suffer, but also verbal, psychological and economic violence, which are more subtle, have also historically affected women worldwide.