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Taking into account what the UN proposed, doesn't it sound very far from reality to expect a country to solve its conflicts so that people can return to it?
The UN General Assembly proposed, on December 10, a pact that safeguards the security of migrants' human rights. The objective of this pact is to help migrants, through policies that recognize human rights, as well as to implement aid to become active subjects of both the economy and society. All this in favor of a better stay, but with the only goal that the original country resolves all the factors that prompted the migration crisis.
Leer en español: ¿Sirve el Pacto Mundial de Migración?
So far, all good, because many countries already implement aid for migrants. In Peru, for example, there is the Temporary Permit of Permanence (PTP) or the work of the National Superintendence of Migrations. Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil have in place the Regional Plan of aid for Venezuelan refugees and migrants, which aims to "assist in an emergency, protect, socioeconomic integration and institutional strengthening". If we see it this way, it is not so different from what the UN plans.
Although this pact is not mandatory for the countries, more than 160 signed in their favor. Now, the real problem is in the second part of the main objective. Is it really possible for a country to solve economic and social crises from one day to the next? To achieve the above, the UN proposes to help these countries with the creation of entities that monitor the evolution of risks and threats that generate migratory movements.
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Take the case of Venezuelan migrants, only in Colombia, there are already more than 1,102,000 according to Migration Colombia. Is Venezuela willing and able to control the great crisis in which it is immersed? The answer is no. For this, it is necessary that Nicolás Maduro admits that he needs help to get out of the crisis. I think it's more than obvious that Maduro will not allow it.
The solutions proposed by the Pact, such as surveillance posts to ensure that conditions improve, sound a bit idyllic, utopic. It is not the complete cure for the disease. The official document also talks about investing in programs that accelerate compliance, in order to eliminate these factors; here is the need to invest in sustainable development at the local level so that people can have a better life and fulfill their aspirations.
I think this part of the pact is just a partial solution. They sound nice, but I do not see them easy to make or implement for those countries that wanted to participate in his signature. For the rest, the Pact aims to make visible, humanize, empower migrants so that they become subjects of an active society.
LatinAmerican Post | Laura Viviana Guevara Muñoz
Translated from "¿Sirve el Pact Mundial de Migración?"