Cost of electric vehicles, an issue for mass use

A perception survey with potential customers concluded that cost is the aspect with greatest weight (7.5 over 10) when it comes to thinking about purchasing an electric vehicle.

A perception survey with potential customers concluded that cost is the aspect with greatest weight (7.5 over 10) when it comes to thinking about purchasing an electric vehicle.

According to Blas Morales Quintana, in his research project entitled “Mass use of electric vehicles in Bogotá”, this information says that for the next 20 years the cost of these types of vehicles will be an impediment for mass use.

Morales says oil consumption in the transportation industry creates dependency and pollution which is now reflected in climatic change.

“A mid and long term alternative is improving the energy efficiency of land transportation by promoting other more efficient mobilization forms and use of new technologies in vehicles, ” he said.

To offset these issues a research project carried out by the UNal Electric Machines and Drives Research Group (EM&D, for its acronym in Spanish) is proposing to foster, provide information and encourage mass use of electric vehicles in Bogotá.

The KeyWorld 2014 Energy Statistics shows that the transportation sector demands the greatest amount of oil in the world. This demand has been increasing for the last 30 years passing from 45.4% in 1972 to 63.5% in 2012.

Bogotá, the city where the research project focused had 3.8 million fossil fuel vehicles of all kind in 2014. According to the Bogotá Environmental Observatory this means a great air and noise pollution potential which may cause serious damage to the environment and human health.

“The mass use process will be gradual and is based on a cost study, including the cost of vehicles, location of recharging areas, circulation times (autonomy) and incentives, in other words, the privileges granted to those who use them,” said Morales.

Then it was possible to distinguish aspects for diminishing dependency on fossil fuels besides contributing elements for reducing glasshouse effect gas emissions.

 “There is a lot of uncertainness in electric vehicle mass use due to the conditions which could favor its entrance into the market. Currently use depends on improving autonomy, recharging times and initial cost of purchase. Furthermore lack of regulations and policies, high technology cost, lack of recharging infrastructure and lack of incentives are an important barrier for mass use,” he said.

To solve these issues, they propose designing a research, innovation and development model providing people sufficient information to choose or not use of electric vehicles according to current offer.

With respect to offer this relates to providing possibilities to choose vehicles at similar costs to gasoline or diesel fuel vehicles, as the purchasing cost is one of the most serious issues when it comes to implanting the model.

Agencia de Noticias UN

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