The clever and advanced logic of the Maya’s astronomy underestimated in time.
Mayas have been known by their accurate calendar and by their astronomy reached knowledge.
Even many years after the Maya’s discoveries, the first studies around Venus were made by the astronomer Galileo Galilei in 1610, more than ten centuries after the Maya’s civilization advanced logic system had been already set.
Technology and astronomy advances have made of that gap, between the Maya’s civilization and our civilization, something less dramatic. Nonetheless, the connection with Venus and the approach to the nature by the Mesoamerica civilization will probably never be overpass.
Venus was by excellence the major astronomic target for the Mayas, they knew it better that any other civilization on earth. For them, Venus is the constant partner of the sun.
This, without any doubt reflects the fact that Venus is always near to the sun up in the skies, rising up a bit sooner than the sunrise, seen as the morning star Aj-Chicum-Ek' or as the evening star Lamat.
They would even think of it as something more important than the sun and for that reason, they would observe cautiously during the seasons.
Venus takes 584 days to be aligned with the earth and the sun. and about 2922 days for them to coincide.
Mayas used to make observations of Venus even during the daylight.
Moreover, Venus and Jupiter positions were decisive when it came to a battle start as it is shown in the hieroglyphic Dos Pilas archaeological piece.
The connection with the planet went even further. Human sacrifices were set to first appearance of Venus.
In the Dresden Codex, Mayas present a calendar with the complete cycle of Venus, with the synodic Venus year, of 584 days and a big cycle of 37960 days.
In the Rio Azul 19th tomb the Latam picture or Venus is clearly painted. A stars war is a planned war based on specific astronomic events.
The four documents that survived the Spanish Conquest (The codex manuscripts Dresde, Madrid, Paris and Grolier) include astronomic cards with heliacal detailed movements in the synodical planet cycle, future eclipses based on the moon and the sun cycles.
To keep highlighting the Mayas control and vast knowledge about Venus, they even had and observatory. Located in Yucatan and surrounded by endless nature, they had their specialized Venus observatory called Caracol, carefully aligned with every single Venus motion.
The Maya observer could then determine based on the sunrise going through the structure the summer and winter solstices, the short and the long days, along with the spring and autumn equinox when the day and night duration was the same.
Even though Mayas were highly attracted to astrology, they added calendar and astronomic information to a sophisticated mathematics discipline. This is quite evident in the Dresden Codex Eclipses data.
A purely mathematic objective expressed through the Maya Calendar was the minimum common multiple determination of several astronomic cycles.
Mayas also added complex mathematics to control their long count and distance numbers in their codices and calendars into a great cosmic order.
Years and years of investigations have allowed us to understand more or less the nature of the cosmic way of thinking of the civilization, to have a closer approach to their magnificent system.
However, we are still miles away from Venus and from the amazing connection the Maya civilization held with nature.