In El Salvador the gangs cost 16% of GDP

The country’s gangs specialise in extortion. But they may be branching out. Salvadoreans pay $756m a year, about 3% of GDP, to gangs, according to a study by the country’s central bank and the UN Development Programme.

Galápagos Islands gain a new guardian

A small, energetic young woman named Africa Berdonces, who rides a beat-up bicycle and often wears flip-flops, has been put in charge of managing the Galápagos Islands, one of the world’s environmental treasures.